India History, Map, Population, Economy, & Facts

India, officially the Republic of India, is a country in South Asia. It became the world’s most populous country in 2023, with a current population of over 1.425 billion.

Horizontal tricolour flag bearing, from top to bottom, deep saffron, white, and green horizontal bands. In the centre of the white band is a navy-blue wheel with 24 spokes.

  • President: Droupadi Murmu
  • Capital: New Delhi
  • Prime minister: Narendra Modi
  • Population: 1.408 billion (2021) World Bank
  • Gross domestic product: 3.176 trillion USD (2021)