Tofazzal Hossain, popularly known as Manik Miah was a Bengali journalist and politician who was born on 1911 in Bhandaria Thana, Pirojpur, British India. He served as the founding editor of The Daily Ittefaq. He wrote the editorial Rajnoitik Moncho (The Political Stage). Most of his journalists were considered leftist as Miah followed the pattern of Awami League. According to journalist and editor of Shongbad Bozlur Rahman, Awami activists followed his editorial more than any actual decision of a meeting.
|Tofazzal Hossain Manik Miah
|Bhandaria Thana, Pirojpur, British India
|USD 1-3 million (approx.)
|1 June 1969
Family Members & Education –
Father’s Name : Not known
Mother’s Name : Not known
Marital Status : Married
School : Pirojpur High School
College : B. A. degree from Barisal Brojomohun College
Educational Qualification : Graduated
Tofazzal Hossain started working under the sub-divisional officer of Pirojpur as an assistant. Subsequently, he became Barisal’s district public relation officer. He resigned from government job and took up journalism as a profession on the advice of Huseyn Shaheed Suhrawardy. He moved to Kolkata in 1943 and started working in the office of the Bengal Muslim League as a secretary. He joined the Daily Ittefaq as secretary to the board of directors in Kolkata founded by Huseyn Shaheed Suhrawardy. Hossain moved to Dhaka in 1948 and joined the weekly Ittefaq published from Dhaka. In 1951, he became the editor of the weekly ittefaq and made it into a daily in 1953. In 1959, he was detained for one year under martial law of President Ayub Khan. He was detained again in 1962. Hossain played a notable role during the Six point movement of 1966. The movement—spearheaded by Awami League leadership after realizing that the East and West Pakistan were moving along divergent economic paths—tried to establish regional economic autonomy of East Pakistan. The announcement of the six-point movement was supposed to be made by Shah Azizur Rahman as per the decision of Mujib himself. However, Miah felt that it should be Mujib rather than Shah Azizur Rahman who should make the announcement. Mujib’s declaration of the program in 1966 elevated his position as the undisputed supreme leader in what would become the movement for independence in 1971.